Arab Civil Society Power Transactions Locally and Multilaterally By Hoda Badran (PhD)



The term civil society (CS) has been used in a broad sense to describe a Third Sector existing alongside, and interacting with, the State and the Market. The concept includes a range of formal and informal organizations, namely non-governmental organization (NGO)’s, trade and labor unions, professional syndicates, social movements, citizens acting collectively, faith based groups, and others.

This paper discusses the role of civil society in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and its position in power transactions at local and national levels as well as within regional and global levels of governance. The paper will focus on the Egyptian context and will give special attention to gender issues. It focuses on NGO’s as a sector of civil society and touches, where relevant, upon other groups within the wide concept of civil society.

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