Philippines: Alternatives to migration: Decent Jobs for Filipino youth
Despite high economic growth, the Philippines, with a fast-growing population, is not able to provide sufficient jobs to reduce poverty, and its education system cannot meet the skills requirements of growing industries. Some 1.46 million young people were unemployed in 2010, half of them with secondary school educations and 40 % with college degrees. 2.3 million more are in vulnerable employment, with inadequate earnings and lack of social protection. In the search of decent work, many young Filipinos move from rural to urban areas, with some opting to go overseas.
The Joint Programme supports the Government's vision of a productive and competitive youth by working on two fronts: increasing access to decent jobs for young men and women in the country’s poorest areas; and improving policies on youth employment and migration by encouraging the participation of all stakeholders in the process. It is being implemented in four provinces with high migration rates and the highest incidences of out-of-school youth and poor youth, where the MDGs are least likely to be achieved – Masbate, Antique, Maguindanao and Agusan del Sur.
Among other initiatives, the programme has provided training and materials on entrepreneurship, life skills and safe migration to teachers, out of school youth, local partner organizations and thousands of secondary schools. Hundreds of at-risk high school students have been given educational subsidies to reduce drop-out rates in public schools.
JOINT PROGRAMME QUICK FACTS
- National Action Agenda (NAA) formulated to inform national and local development processes. In developing the NAA, a policy brief on Key Youth Employment and Migration issues was developed with the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) Institute for Policy Studies. In addition, a national assessment on the situation of Filipino Youth was prepared by the National Youth Council and a paper on the Youth Employment and Migration Nexus was developed by the Scalibrini Migration Center. The findings of these documents, including a series of nationwide inter-government and multi-sectoral consultations, served as the basis for the development of the Strategy Paper Alternative Pathways: Towards Charting an Actionable Framework for Youth Employment and Migration, adopted by the DOLE as part of the National Labor and Employment Plan and presented to Philippine President Benigno Aquino III during International Youth Day in August 2011.
- Four pilot Model Mechanisms to channel remittances for local enterprises were developed among former Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) and families left behind. Capacity building and linkage activities were provided to returning migrants and families, including training and support for enterprise development initiatives to nearly 150 OFWs
- The programme has increased access to decent work for poor young men and women. Four Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Fora were conducted which resulted in 115 partnership agreements and 115 commitments made by public and private sectors to provide on-the-job training and post training services for 2,000 youth.
*as of June 2012 programme reporting period